Inonesia’s Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Arifin Tasrif said, the huge potential of renewable energy should be optimized to support national energy security and achieve the new and renewable energy mix target.
All of Indonesia's new and renewable energy sources can be utilized if the country can develop infrastructure that can distribute all sources' potential, Tasrif stated during the opening of the Indonesia EBTKE Conference and Exhibition (ConEx) 2023 streamed on July 13.The new and renewable energy potential came from solar, wind, hydro, bioenergy, geothermal and sea energy, with total potential of up to 3,689 GW.
The country aims to achieve the energy mix target in 2030 and zero emission by 2060. This has been programmed, well-formulated, and planned, and it requires additional efforts, Tasrif said.
According to Tasrif, the government already has the map that tells where these energy sources are located.
The renewable energy potential is scattered across Indonesia. For instance, the biggest hydro potential lies in North Kalimantan, Aceh, West Sumatra, North Sumatra, and Papua.
Meanwhile, the biggest geothermal potential is in the Ring of Fire region that contain Sumatra, Java, Bali, Nusa Tenggara, Maluku and Sulawesi.
The biggest solar potential is in East Nusa Tenggara, West Kalimantan, and Riau that have higher solar radiation.
Furthermore, Indonesian government has several policies for encouraging the use of new and renewable energy, including the New Energy Renewable Energy Bill (RUU EBET) that will be the main foundation for the country to conduct faster energy transition.
The bill will facilitate business in the field of new and renewable energy and allow the utilization of existing resources, Tasrif said.
Investments in Indonesia’s abundant solar power resources are increasing. Indonesia and Singapore will begin the joint development of a floating solar farm in Batam in 2024 with a goal of generating around 2 GW of electricity.
The government said it is committed to developing a national solar PV value chain to support domestic renewable energy deployments as it gradually pulls out from fossil fuel electricity.